Wednesday, October 29, 2008


Bangladesh is one of the few countries in South Asia, which remains to be explored. Bangladesh has a delicate and distinctive attraction of its own to offer and it is definitely not a tourist haunt like Nepal or India. Bangladesh is like a painter's dream come true with a rich tapestry of colors and texture. The traditional emphasis of the tourist trade has always been on the material facilities offered by a country rather than on its actual charms. This may be a reason why Bangladesh has seldom been highlighted in the World's tourist maps.It's a land of enormous beauty, hundreds of serpentine rivers, crystal clear water lakes surrounded by ever green hills, luxuriant tropical rain forests, beautiful cascades of green tea gardens, world's largest mangrove forest preserved as World Heritage, home of the Royal Bengal Tiger and the wild lives, warbling of birds in green trees, wind in the paddy fields, abundance of sunshine, world's longest natural sea beach, rich cultural heritage, relics of ancient Buddhist civilizations and colorful tribal lives, - Bangladesh creates an unforgettable impression of a land of peace. Bangladesh Visit You'll appreciate our culture and the environment. These are not simply sightseeing excursions, but real-time learning experiences. Enjoy an ideal blend of adventure and exploration with comfort and relaxation. Here you find that you are not alone. With us, any place in Bangladesh is a home away from home.
HISTORY: Bangladesh lies on the eastern fringe of the Indian Sub-Continent, and its people have always been great lovers of freedom. As a result, the area has nearly always enjoyed a fair degree of sovereignty during its entire history, sometimes as one state and sometimes as several, with only perfunctory allegiance to the central ruling powers. It became a part of the British Empire in the 18th century. In 1947, when the subcontinent was divided into Pakistan and India, it became a part of Pakistan. When the Bengali nation separated from Pakistan through armed struggle in 1971, Bangladesh became an independent and sovereign country.

LOCATION: Bangladesh lies in the North Eastern part of South Asia and is surrounded by India on the West, North & East. To the South it has the Bay of Bengal and Myanmar to the South East. It sits between 20’34” and 26’36” North Latitude and 88’01” and 92’41” East Longitude.
AREA: 1,44,036 sq. km.
POPULATION: approx. 120 million (Dhaka 10 million)
ETHNIC HERITAGE: The population of Bangladesh is a mixture of Dravidians, Aryans and Mongolians, belonging to the black-haired, dark skinned and short featured Austro/Mongoloid group. Hill tribes have their own distinctive racial features.
CULTURE: Our culture is rich and intermingling; Aryans, Hindu, Mughals, Iranians and colonial Europeans have left their marks in the cultural identity of the people.
CLIMATE: The climate of Bangladesh is subtropical and tropical with temperatures ranging from an average daytime low of 15*C in the cold season to a top of 35*C in the hot season. Annual rainfall varies from 1000 mm in the west to 2500 mm in the south-east and up to 5000 mm in the north-east where tea is grown.
Three-quarters of the annual rainfall occurs between June and September. The 90% to 95% humidity during this season is almost unbearable for some travelers. The humidity remains high all year round producing thick fogs in winter and making chilly nights in the north feel much colder than they are.
Bangladesh has three main seasons: the monsoon or wet season from late May to early October, the cold season from mid October to the end of February and the hot season from mid-March to mid-May. There are two cyclone seasons - May to June and October to November.
BEST SEASON: October to March, when the sun is mild and pleasant, is the best season for a visit. The "Monsoon" season (June to August) also has its own charms.
CURRENCY: The unit is Taka, made up of 100 Paisa. 1 U.S. $ is equivalent to about Tk.51.50 at present.
VISA: Anybody visiting Bangladesh must obtain a visa.
DHAKA: The capital Dhaka, intersected by the river Buriganga, is a sprawling and bustling metropolitan city, has an exciting history and rich cultural heritage. Founded in 1608, the city enjoyed the glory of being the capital of the region when it was successively under the Mughals and the British rule. Dhaka became the country’s capital when Bangladesh emerged as an independent and sovereign country in 1971. Once known as ‘city of 52 bazaars and 53 lanes’ and ‘city of mosques and Muslin’, Dhaka has an amazing blend of Mughal, Victorian and modern architecture as well as many historic relics. The recent spurt in high rise buildings is changing Dhaka’s skyline very fast.


Flora & Fauna of Bangladesh

Tuesday, October 28, 2008

Now, researchers in Algeria have discovered that Orange Peel Can Help Clean Up Dirty Water

Simple orange peel could be used to remove acidic dyes from industrial effluent
Highly colored industrial waste water is a serious environmental problem as it seriously discolors waterways as well as blocking sunlight for photosynthesizing plant species in the water. Now, researchers in Algeria have discovered that nothing more sophisticated than orange peel could be used to remove acidic dyes from industrial effluent.
They describe their findings in a forthcoming issue of the International Journal of Environment and Pollution.

"Synthetic dyes are extensively used by industries including dye houses, paper printers, textile dyers, color photography and as additives in petroleum products," explains Benaïssa Houcine of the Laboratory of Sorbent Materials and Water Treatment, Department of Chemistry-Faculty of Sciences, at University of Tlemcen, in Algeria. "The effluents of these industries are highly colored, and disposal of these wastes into the environment can be extremely deleterious. Their presence in watercourses is aesthetically unacceptable and may be visible at concentration as low as 1 ppm (part per million).

In searching for an alternative to chemical treatment of waste water, Benaïssa has considered a common agricultural and food industry byproduct, orange peel. He has now tested waste orange peel as an absorbent for the removal of four acid dyes from simulated samples of polluted water.

The research demonstrates that absorption time depends on the initial concentration of the dyes as well as the chemical structures of the particular dyes being tested, but absorption can occur at just 25 Celsius rather than elevated temperatures. However, strong dyes including Nylosane Blue, Erionyl Yellow, Nylomine Red, and Erionyl Red were absorbed at between 40 and 70 milligrams per gram of orange peel from the samples.

"In laboratory-scale studies, the data show that orange peel has a considerable potential for the removal of dyes from aqueous solutions over a wide range of concentrations," Benaïssa says. "Orange peel may be used as a low-cost, natural and abundant source for the removal of dyes, and it may be an alternative to more costly materials. It may also be effective in removing other harmful or undesirable species present in the waste effluents."

Additional research is now needed in order to optimize and scale-up the process for the real-world clean-up of dye effluent. This will involve identifying the biochemical sites within the orange peel to which the dye molecules stick during absorption.

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Friday, October 24, 2008

Fight Depression

If you feel depressed, it's best to do something about it — depression doesn't just go away on its own. In addition to getting help from a doctor or therapist, here are 5 things you can do to feel better.
1//Exercise. Take a 15- to 30-minute brisk walk every day — or dance, jog, or bike if you prefer. People who are depressed may not feel much like being active. But make yourself do it anyway (ask a friend to exercise with you if you need to be motivated). Once you get in the exercise habit, it won't take long to notice a difference in your mood.

In addition to getting aerobic exercise, some yoga poses can help relieve feelings of depression. Try downward-facing dog or legs-up-the-wall pose (you can find these poses on yoga websites). Two other aspects of yoga — breathing exercises and meditation — can also help people with depression feel better.

2//Nurture yourself with good nutrition. Depression can affect appetite. One person may not feel like eating at all, but another might overeat. If depression has affected your eating, you'll need to be extra mindful of getting the right nourishment. Proper nutrition can influence a person's mood and energy. So eat plenty of fruits and vegetables and get regular meals (even if you don't feel hungry, try to eat something light, like a piece of fruit, to keep you going).

3//Identify troubles, but don't dwell on them. Try to identify any situations that have contributed to your depression. When you know what's got you feeling blue and why, talk about it with a caring friend. Talking is a way to release the feelings and to receive some understanding. If there's no one to tell, pouring your heart out to a journal works just as well.

Once you air out these thoughts and feelings, turn your attention to something positive. Take action to solve problems. Ask for help if you need it. Feeling connected to friends and family can help relieve depression. (It may also help them feel there's something they can do instead of just watching you hurt.)

Express yourself. With depression, a person's creativity and sense of fun may seem blocked. By exercising your imagination (painting, drawing, doodling, sewing, writing, dancing, composing music, etc.) you not only get those creative juices flowing, you also loosen up some positive emotions. Take time to play with a friend or a pet, or do something fun for yourself. Find something to laugh about — a funny movie, perhaps. Laughter helps lighten your mood.

Look on the bright side. Depression affects a person's thoughts, making everything seem dismal, negative, and hopeless. If depression has you noticing only the negative, make an effort to notice the good things in life. Try to notice one thing, then try to think of one more. Consider your strengths, gifts, or blessings. Most of all, don't forget to be patient with yourself. Depression takes time to heal.

Monday, October 20, 2008

4 secrets of amazing sex that make your married life more happy...

THE credit crunch may be getting us all down but sex therapists say everyone can still have great sex - if they follow the four secrets to unlocking their passion potential.
The secrets are revealed in a new book The 4 Secrets Of Amazing Sex, reports The Sun newspaper.
“The first secret deals with how to sustain a heady passion with your partner. Most people assume they need to be seduced to feel sexy – wrong! We first create the desire in our own mind. It’s your responsibility to understand what turns you on. It’s about taking notice of how you are feeling – not expecting a partner to immediately trigger sexual feeling.”
“The second secret is all about the six senses. Absorb the energy between you and your partner, as well as remembering smell, touch, sound and taste. The six senses are often overlooked in our busy lives, but without them sex is dull.”


“The third secret is when you feel safe to surrender to your partner and have sex. Thanks to secrets one and two, your mind is ready and your senses alive. You need to feel you want to be there and your mind is present to feel connected to your partner.”
“If you’ve had fun with the first three secrets, reflection is about looking back on the experience and feeling you want to do it all again. If the experience is bad, people will look back on it negatively and may avoid a repeat performance and lack confidence.”
Now try Georgia’s five tips to help create a new sexual you.
1. Ignore that niggly voice in your head saying your thighs are fat or your bum wobbles and tell yourself you are gorgeous and believe it.
2. Trying new moves in the bedroom can be scary, so agreeing on a non-verbal sign on when to call time can help build trust and confidence.
3. Grab a moment to sit down with your other half and make a list of what originally made them turn your knees to jelly; it’s easy to forget why what you found attractive next to a mound of washing up.
4. Remember to breathe. When people are anxious they shallow breathe. A good relaxation method is; take deep breath, hold it for five and exhale. Repeat three times and feel your nerves melt.
5. Make one small change each time you have sex. It will keep it fresh and stop you going through the motions.

Tuesday, October 14, 2008

Mental soundness and health

Mental soundness
mental health - the psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment,

The Lord directs us to make the maintenance of good mental health a part of our lives.


No plan for a mentally healthy lifestyle is guaranteed to maintain good mental health. The reason is that such plans cannot possibly take into consideration all of the variables in the lives of everyone who follows such plans. These variables include how mentally healthy a person is or is not, the effects of age, needs determined by gender, how well the person follows the plan, etc., etc. However, following a mentally healthy lifestyle plan will increase the likelihood of maintaining good mental health. On the other hand, if God promises you that following a mentally healthy lifestyle plan will result in the maintenance of good mental health, then it will.
God promises us mental health if we do our part. II Timothy 1:7 says:
For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.
God has given us the spirit, the Holy Spirit, of a sound mind but God will only give us mental soundness (mental health) if we meet certain conditions. You will find some of these conditions in the following plan for a mentally sound (healthy) lifestyle.


This web page is for everyone.

Guiding Principles

One of the guiding principles of this plan is to keep things as simple as possible. This plan is as brief as possible.

Another guiding principle is that a mentally sound (healthy) lifestyle plan can always be improved. Therefore, this plan will constantly be updated. Many sources of information have been and continue to be consulted and new sources are continually being added. Some key sources of information are listed at the end of this web page. All but one are websites. If you cannot access a given website, let us know. We do not necessarily endorse everything on these websites.

Rating Scale

The number attached to each item rates its value with respect to maintaining mental soundness (health). The rating scale is from 1 to 10. “1” indicates least value. “10” indicates greatest value. As more information is obtained, the rating of an item may change. Please note that a rating lower than 10 still means that you should be concerned about the rated item. Also, the ratings of items we know will never change appear in white on a black background.


God’s Guidance
Ask God to show you how to maintain mental soundness (health). God is greater than any mentally sound (healthy) lifestyle plan.

Definition of Mental Health

Mental health is mental soundness.

Signs of Mental Soundness (Health)

A mentally sound (healthy) person does not try to harm themself and does not try to harm others except, if necessary, in self-defense and/or the defense of others.


Fulfill your responsibilities. Your mental soundness (health) is influenced by your moral soundness. An unrighteous person does not have the mental health that a righteous person has.

Physical Health

Follow our “Healthy Lifestyle Plan” (see our Health page). Good physical health means good brain health. Note that we said “good brain health” and not “good mental health.” Mental health is not brain health. Brain health is sometimes necessary in order for a person to have mental health. Sometimes it is not necessary. For example, a person can have a brain tumor that causes partial vision loss. This particular lack of brain health cannot affect one’s mental health. Therefore, one can lack brain health and still have mental health.

Brain Health

Maintain adequate levels of the brain fuel glucose by eating often enough. Poor concentration and low energy levels can be a sign that it's been too long since your last meal. Folate (folic acid), vitamin B-12 and vitamin E are nutrients to investigate with regard to brain health.

Folate sources:

· Leafy dark green vegetables

· Legumes (dried beans and peas)

· Citrus fruits and juices (orange, lemon, etc.)

· Most berries

· Wheat bread is better than white bread.

Vitamin B-12 sources:

· Meat

· Poultry

· Fish

· Dairy products

· Eggs.

· Fortified cereals

Vitamin E sources:

· Soybean and its oil

· Safflower and its oil

· Corn and its oil

· Sunflower seeds

· Nuts

· Whole grains

· Wheat germ

· Leafy vegetables (Contain an appreciable amount of Vitamin E.)


Read our Chastity page. Your mental soundness (health) is influenced by your moral soundness. An unrighteous person does not have the mental health that a righteous person has.


Only knowledge that prepares one to have sound beliefs is necessary for mental soundness (health).

Sound Beliefs

Sound beliefs are the nutrition of the mind. Here are a few sound beliefs a person must not reject if they are to have mental soundness (health):

Fundamental (Intuitive) Beliefs

· An idea is not a physical object.

· A physical object is not an idea.

· A thought is not a sentence.

· A sentence is not a thought.

· A mental image is not a physical object.

· A physical object is not a mental image.

· The mind is not a physical thing.

· Emotions are not physical things.

· Emotions are invisible.

· The mind is invisible.

· The idea of the mind is not the mind.

· The mind is not an idea.

· Knowledge is invisible.

· Beliefs are invisible.

· The soul is invisible.

· Emotions occur in the soul.

· Emotions do not occur in the body.

· Emotions affect the body.

· The mind is not the brain.

· The brain is not the mind.

Progressive (Rational) Beliefs

· Pleasure is better than pain.

· Pleasure is better than numbness.

· Numbness is better than pain.

· Good is better than evil.

· Love is good.

· Hatred is evil.

· Wealth is better than poverty.

· It is good to plan ahead.

Advanced (Moral) Beliefs

· God exists.

· God is invisible.

· God rules the universe.

· God rules the world.

· God holds people accountable for their actions.

· Murder is a sin.

· Adultery is a sin.

· Stealing is a sin.

· Laziness is a sin.

Sound Beliefs (Spiritual) (rated 9)

Spiritual beliefs promote mental soundness (health) but they are not indispensable to mental soundness (health). Here are a few:

· God loves people.

· Every person has the opportunity to be granted a place in heaven.

· It is good to love God.

Saturday, October 11, 2008

New Guidelines : makes your health fit.

In an effort to help harried Americans fit exercise into their hectic lives, new government guidelines released this week recommend slightly more than two hours of physical activity a week to stay fit.
The recommendation tweaks existing guidelines that suggested adailyworkout was best.
"Being physically active is one of the most important things Americans of all ages can do to protect and improve their health," said Rear Adm. Penelope Slade Royall, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. For most people, all it takes is 2 1/2 hours a week to stay healthy, she noted.
"The previous recommendation for moderate-intensity physical activity was 30 minutes a day five days a week. This is now just one way to meet the minimum guideline," Royall said. "The same health benefits accrue to people who exercise vigorously for half the time."

Being physically active helps reduce the risk of dying early from heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, colon and breast cancer, and depression -- and it also helps you think better, according to the guidelines.
"We are trying to reach out to our sedentary nation and encourage people and help people find ways to become physically active," Royall said. "We were meant and made to move. In the past, human beings spent their days running around looking for something to eat or running as fast as they could away from something that wanted to eat them."
Now people have to find ways to integrate exercise into their lives, she added, because, over time, the amount of physical activity people get has been "engineered out" of society.
The newPhysical Activity Guidelines for Americansare based on the latest scientific evidence about the health benefits of physical activity. It's the first such review in a decade, Royall noted.
The guidelines recommend a minimum amount of physical activity to promote health, but the more exercise you get the greater the health benefit, Royall said.
Aerobic exercise should be done for at least 10 minutes. To get even more health benefits, adults should get at least five hours a week of moderate exercise or 2 1/2 hours a week of intensive exercise, the guidelines recommend.
Pregnant women can also benefit from 2 1/2 hours a week of moderately intensive aerobic exercise. This activity should be spread throughout the week, the guidelines recommend. Pregnant women who previously engaged in vigorous exercise should check with their doctor about how their routine should be modified.
Children and adolescents need even more exercise then adults. They should try to get at least one hour of moderate or vigorous exercise a day, and at engage in intense exercise at least three days a week. For children and adolescents, exercise improves hearts, lungs, muscles and bones, and improves body image.
For adults with disabilities, the guidelines recommend at least 2 1/2 hours of moderate aerobic activity a week, or one hour and 15 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity a week. If they can't do that much exercise, they should do what they can to remain physically active.
People with chronic medical conditions should also be physically active, but they should do so with the advice of their doctor, the guidelines say.
Many professional groups such as the American Society for Nutrition and the American Heart Association support the new guidelines.
"The development of U.S. physical activity guidelines is a positive step forward for the country," James O. Hill, president of the American Society for Nutrition, said in a statement. "We hope this effort can be integrated with the development of new dietary guidelines to help Americans achieve healthier lifestyles," he added.
But one expert warns that guidelines, while welcome, aren't enough.
"Guidelines are no panacea," said Dr. David L. Katz, director of the Prevention Research Center at Yale University School of Medicine. "Despite clear guidance on tobacco, many people still smoke. We've had detailed dietary guidelines for years, and the typical American diet still fails to resemble them. Physical activity guidelines are the starting line, not the finish line."
"We now need policies and programs that provide various ways for most of us to meet these guidelines during a standard day or week. And we need the will to make meeting these guidelines a priority for ourselves, and our families," Katz added.

What Works Best for You?
Here are some examples of what types of exercise work for different people, according to the new government guidelines.Moderate activities for adults include a brisk walk, water aerobics, ballroom dancing and general gardening.Vigorous activity for adults include racewalking, jogging or running, swimming laps, jumping rope and hiking uphill or with a heavy backpack.In addition to aerobic exercise, build muscle with weight training push-ups, sit-ups, carrying heavy loads or heavy gardening, at least two days a week.Moderate exercise for kids and teens include hiking, skateboarding, bicycle riding and brisk walking. Vigorous activities for kids and teens include jumping rope, running and sports such as soccer, basketball, and ice or field hockey. Kids and teens should also do muscle-strengthening exercises, such as rope climbing, sit-ups, and tug-of war, three days a week and bone-strengthening exercise, such as jumping rope, running and skipping, at least three days a week.